Glossary of Video Terms

1 | 8 | A | B | C | D | F | G | H | I | L | M
Terminology Description
Auto Balance

A system for detecting errors in color balance in white and black areas of the picture and automatically adjusting the white and black levels of both the red and blue signals as needed for correction.


(Advanced Video Encoding) - A common high definition video compression standard otherwise known as H.264/MPEG4 AVC.  Common for recording and distributing high definition video. Although AVC is a compression algorithm, it is very efficient compared to MPEG-2 and yields high quality video signal with minimal visual loss. This is a ubiquitous format today. However, it is not an open access format; it has numerous software patents associated with it which can be a cause for concern regarding future access.


The number of cycles per second (Hertz) expressing the difference between the lower and upper limiting frequencies of a frequency band; also, the width of a band of frequencies


A bit is the simplest component in computing. Bits are given a value of either 1 or 0 based on the voltage they are carrying at the time. These bits make up each and every part of the programs and processes that computers encounter. Sequences of bits in particular orders define the what, where, and why of computing.